Colic is the term used for an otherwise healthy baby who cries in excessively and is almost impossible to soothe. Babies cry, but when they cry for a total of 3 hours a day for at least 3 weeks, the infant may be colic. Controlling and comforting these uncontrollable wails is upsetting and tiresome for the new parents, but there is nothing to worry about, as this phase will pass, and it ends before the baby is four months old.
Colic in babies has no particular cause, but can be attributed to different reasons, including the baby’s immature digestive systems, temperaments, and allergies. You will know your baby is colic when they cry loudly for three hours or more for three or more days a week, and when they are turning red and flushed when crying. The baby tends to draw his legs to his abdomen and clenches their hands and curls their toes while wailing.
Taking the baby to a doctor is a good idea, and should be carried out before trying any home remedies. Consult your doctor for help and guidance on the tips that follow to help infants dealing with colic:
- When feeding the baby, hold them upright so that they do not swallow air. Give them a proper burp, and let them pass wind after a feed.
- Feed them in smaller amount, but feed them frequently.
- You should decrease your intake of caffeine if you are breast-feeding.
- Comfort the baby by holding them closely, and avoid over-stimulating. Take new positions.
- Take the baby near a movement like a vibration. This steady background noise often soothes a baby. Take them near a dishwasher, a washing machine, a vacuum cleaner, or a drive in the car.
- Give the baby a warm bath.
- Give the baby a massage.
- Place the baby across your lap and rub their back.
- Do not let the baby swallow air if they are bottle-fed.
- Try giving a pacifier to soothe and comfort the baby.
- Place a warm towel on their abdomen.