The ficus Bonsai tree is a beautiful plant to keep in your garden and homes. It belongs from the family of mulberry plants (Moraceae), making it an ideal plant for tropical regions. The ficus genus is the most popular plant species for the beginners at Bonsai. It can be kept indoors as well. Some of the other names for a ficus bonsai tree are the Chinese Banyan. This tree is an evergreen tree, and is known for the milky latex sap that drips out of the figs when the plant is wound or cut. Some ficus species will produce vibrant colored flowers, while most have hidden flowers in small receptacles through which the fruit of the plant will grow. This fruit is either yellow, green, purple, or red, and is edible. Despite its many varieties, these plants are natural dwarfs.
The Bonsai is an excellent tree to keep for beginners as it can tolerate most combinations of lighting and soil. When kept properly, the figs of this tree can grow large enough to make a crown with a circumference of over 1000 feet. Simply take care of this lovely tree by following these tips below:
- Plant the Bonsai in a potting container so that it can be moved around. The pot should be three-fourths as wide as the height of the plant and half as deep as the tree. This will allow the aerial roots of the plant to grow with space. The pot should also have a drainage system so that the roots gain water sufficiently.
- Keep a nutrient-rich soil for the tree that is mixed with sand. Keep the mixture as 70 percent soil and 30 percent sand.
- Water the tree regularly but do not water excessively. Keep a check on the moisture level of the soil. Usually, a bonsai will need watering three or four times a week. Whenever the soil gets dry, the plant will need watering.
- Keep the bonsai in a shady area with low intensity of sunlight three hours a day.
- Keep the tree in a warm environment. The bonsai will thrive during warm temperatures and its ideal temperature is 59 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit. The tree will need protection in the cold winters, so bring it indoors at that time. If the temperatures fall below 40 degrees, you bonsai should be brought indoor. The bonsai should be ideally placed on a window sill, that faces the south to gain sufficient sunlight. It will need 4-6 hours of sunlight a day.
- Prune the bonsai regularly, including trimming of the roots and branches. This will aid in it maintaining its size and shape.
- Dust the bonsai daily to keep away from infestation. Spider mites can appear during the winters on the plant as the dry air and lack of sunlight weakens the ficus bonsai. Use a plant light in such circumstances.
- Daily misting will allow the plant sufficient humidity, but do not overdo this as fungal problems may begin.
- Fertilize the ficus plant every two weeks in the summers, and every two to four weeks in the winters. You can use liquid fertilizer or organic fertilizer.
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