Being hypertensive implies a rise in blood pressure or extremely high blood pressure. It occurs when the blood pressure in the arteries is constantly elevated. Hypertension leads to damaged blood vessels, which get inflamed and may leak blood, causing strokes and dysfunctional heart beats. Hypertension is caused by extreme stress, and requires several readings to be taken to be determined.
Other factors caused by hypertension include:
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Heart attack
- Rupture of aorta (heart’s main artery)
- Convulsions in pregnancy
- Thickening of the heart muscle
- Coronary artery disease
- Vision loss
- Chronic kidney disease
Hypertensive heart disease is a long-term medical condition. Around 90-95% cases suffer from high blood pressure, in which lifestyle and genetic factors cause the rise in blood pressure. Lifestyle factors that raise blood pressure are body weight, smoking, eating excess salt, smoking, and alcohol. The heart is primarily affected in hypertensive heart disease. It leads to heart failure and other heart complications of hypertensions.
The main signs of this heart condition include fatigue, weight gain, irregular pulse, nausea, shortness of breath, bloating, an enlarged heart, swelling of feet, and increase in urination.
With medications and lifestyle changes, blood pressure can be lowered, and decreases the risk of health complications. Beneficial lifestyle changes include losing weight, reduce salt intake, exercise, and a keeping healthy diet.